When we think of archaeology, we often picture dusty dig sites and ancient artifacts being unearthed. Indeed, excavation is at the heart of archaeological investigations. But it’s not just about digging – it’s a methodical, meticulous process that uncovers the physical evidence of our past.
Before a single spade touches the ground, archaeologists engage in careful planning. They survey the site, take measurements, and map out the excavation areas. The goal is to extract as much information as possible while disturbing the site as little as necessary.
Once the excavation begins, archaeologists carefully remove soil layer by layer, recording their findings in detail. Every artifact, no matter how small, is cataloged and its location recorded. This information helps archaeologists understand the context of each find – its relationship to other artifacts and the broader archaeological site.
Excavation is more than just a means to collect artifacts. It’s a key to unlocking the stories of our past. Each stratum of earth removed reveals another layer of human history, bringing us one step closer to understanding our ancestors and their lives.